Chemical composition of turmeric Turmeric contains protein (6.3%), fat (5.1%), minerals (3.5%), carbohydrates (69.4%) and moisture (13.1%). 75300, or Natural Yellow 3. 20 10 2019 4.Turmeric and Its Effect on Cancer Cells. The essential oils of leaves, flowers, rhizomes and roots of turmeric (Curcuma longa L., Zingiberaceae) were analysed by GC-MS.The major constituent of flower oil was p-cymene -8-ol (26%) while leaf oil was dominated by α-phellandrene (32.6%). The chemical constituents of turmeric oil, fraction I and fraction II were determined by GC and identified by GCMS. Turmeric rhizome contains 3-5% volatile oil, which is obtained by steam distillation of turmeric powder for about 8-10h (Sasikumar, 2001). The compound of the highest concentration in the essential oil of mace is terpinen-4-ol. It is commonly used as a spice, but it is also known for its medicinal purposes. However, turmeric is often referred to as curcumin or vice versa by the most of the consumers in the world. Abstract: The studies on the nutritional composition of turmeric and its antimicrobial properties; proximate, vitamin, mineral and phytochemical compositions of the turmeric were determined using standard methods. Turmeric is used in a wide variety of foods of the cuisines ... used in many religious observances, as a cosmetic, a dye, and it enters in the composition of many traditional remedies.13,19,39 Figure 1. The objective of this study was to determine the chemical composition of turmeric cultivated in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil as a natural colorant in food applications. Chemical Composition of Turmeric Oil--A Byproduct From Turmeric Oleoresin Industry and Its Inhibitory Activity Against Different Fungi Z Naturforsch C J Biosci. Chemical names The principle colouring components are: I. Marjoram. 0 0. colomba. This study determined the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. longa and evaluated its neuropharmacological activity in mice. Roma) and its Antimicrobial Activity against Eye Infecting Pathogens. Various sources of turmeric oils have been reported with different chemical composition and content ascribed to the different Jan-Feb 2001;56(1-2):40-4. doi: 10.1515/znc-2001-1-207. Figures 1 - 1a. It is also found in the essential oil of the tea tree. 23, No. Turmeric (curcuma longa) contain turmerone, ar-turmerone, zingiberene, 1,7-diaryl- hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-diones, etc. 1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene- 3,5-dione BACKGROUND: Curcuma longa (turmeric) is commonly used as spice and also used to treat fever, cough and febrile convulsions in Nigeria. Figure 1a. Detailed composition Turmeric. Selvam R, Subramanian L, Gayathri R and Angayarkanni N (1995). The results of the analysis shows that it contains 8.92 % moisture content, 2.85 % ash, 9.42 % crude protein, 4.60 % crude fibre, and 6.85 % fat. Turmeric contains the chemical curcumin. The nanotech potential of turmeric ( Curcuma longa L. ) in food technology: A review. In addition, Turmeric is rich in minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, and vitamin A. Turmeric (Curcuma Longa L.) 57 Other producers in Asia include Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, China, Burma (Myanmar), and Indonesia. The chemical composition of Turmeric allows it to act as an anti-oxidant, and the curcumin present in the root can also create enzymes that increase the body’s own antioxidant production. Chemical Composition of Turmeric. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring.. Source(s): www.wikipedia.org. Although both turmeric and curcumin are derived from the … Shiyon L, Weiyuan, Guangrideng, Peiying yang and Aggarwal BB (2011). Turmeric has a polyphenols which named (curcuminoids), this include: Curcumin diferuloylmethane, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Chemical composition and product quality control of turmeric. (Hossain & Ishimine, 2005). The essential oil (5.8%) obtained by steam distillation of rhi-zomes has a-phellandrene (1%), sabinene (0.6%), cineol (1%), borneol (0.5%), zingiberene (25%) and sesquiterp ines (53%) 5. The antioxident activity of turmeric (Curcuma longa). This is the main difference between turmeric and curcumin. Roma) and its Antimicrobial Activity against Eye Infecting Pathogens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 47(2):59-67. ref31 Shiyon L, Weiyuan, Guangrideng, Peiying yang and Aggarwal BB (2011). Curcuminoids. Turmeric extracts or the active curcuminoids have also Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. The reason for yellowish color is curcumin, a chemical compound. To date, at least 235 compounds, primarily phenolic compounds and terpenoids have been identified from the species, including 22 diarylheptanoids and diarylpentanoids, eight phenylpropene and other phenolic compounds, 68 monoterpenes, 109 sesquiterpenes, five diterpenes, … DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2019.1604490. Turmeric oil is in pale yellow color with peppery and aromatic odor. Chemical Composition and Product Quality Control of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Pharmaceutical Crops, 2011, Volume 2 . Background. Research suggests that this chemical modulates multiple molecular pathways through several mechanisms, including the induction of apoptosis and oxidative species (ROS). EBSCOhost serves thousands of libraries with premium essays, articles and other content including Chemical Composition of Turmeric Oil (Curcuma longa L. cv. Turmeric Oleoresins are sold on the basis of "colour value" or "curcumin content", which generally means the total content of the curcuminoid substances: (I) curcumin, (II) demethoxycurcumin and (III) bis-demethoxycurcumin. Turmeric contains up to 5% essential oils and up to 5% curcumin, a polyphenol. But turmeric is a rhizome whereas curcumin is a colored chemical constituent mainly found in turmeric. Furthermore, the yields of flavour free oleoresin obtained using different methods were compared. Roma) and its Antimicrobial Activity against Eye Infecting Pathogens Shikha Singh, Bhawani Sankar Sathpathy Rajesh. The chemical composition of Turmeric is: 69.4% carbohydrates, 5.1% lipids, 2.6% fiber, and 6.3% proteins (Kamal & Yousuf, 2012). Abstract: Chemical constituents of various tissues of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) have been extensively investigated. Considering that as many as 80 % of the anticancer drugs have their roots in natural products derived from traditional medicine, we examined compounds other than curcumin from turmeric (Curcuma longa) that could exhibit anticancer potential. This study determined the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. longa and evaluated its neuropharmacological activity in mice. Differential chemical com- position of the essential oils of the shoot organs, rhizomes and rhizoids in the turmeric Curcuma longa grown in Indo-Gangetic Plains. Further, research suggests that it may be a positive attacker against cancer, diabetes, oxidative stress, cardiovascular problems, obesity and aging . Here is the list of active constituents of Turmeric. In order to understand the impact of value chains on the composition of products, we studied the production conditions for turmeric (Curcuma longa) and the metabolomic composition of products derived from it. Turmeric contains more than 90 active constituents, most of which have overlapping biological activities. The antioxident activity of turmeric (Curcuma longa). Material and Methods. Fresh turmeric (Curcuma longa L) rhizomes from eight different cities viz. For a more detailed composition see the link below. Aromatic turmerone, turmerone and curlone were major compounds present in fraction II along with other oxygenated com pounds. The important chemical constituents of turmeric are the compounds called Curcuminoids, which include demethoxycurcumin, curcumin (diferuloylmethane), and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Mace’s chemical composition is similar to that of nutmeg, as they are both obtained from the same plant. Pharmaceutical crops 2: 28-54. Pharmaceutical Biology, 40 (5), 384–389. Chemical constituents and biological activities of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) -A review . The systematic chemical name is (1E,6E) - 1,7-bis( 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl ) - 1,6-heptadiene - 3,5-dione. Curcumin is the active substance of turmeric and curcumin is known as C.I. Lv 4. We aimed at integrating these two components in order to gain a better understanding of the effect of different value chains on the livelihoods of some producers. Chemical Composition Of Turmeric … Chemical Composition of Turmeric. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF THE TURMERIC ESSENTIAL OIL (Curcuma longa L.) Jelena S. Stanojević, Ljiljana P. Stanojević*, Dragan J. Cvetković, Bojana R. Danilović Faculty of Technology, Leskovac, Serbia In the present work, essential oil has been obtained by Clevenger-type hy- drodestillation from grounded curcuma rhizome (Rhizoma Curcumae) … Journal of Essential Oil Research: Vol. Chemical constituents of various tissues of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) have been extensively investigated. … Chemical composition and product quality control of turmeric. Curcuminoids. March 2008; Journal of Food Science and Technology -Mysore-45(2):109-116; Authors: Abhishek Niranjan. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 2019 , 23 , 1-13. The essential oil has potential for further studies and applicability in food products, as well as use as preservative with antioxidant action. Chemical Composition of Turmeric Oil (Curcuma longa L. cv. Turmeric is a member of the ginger family. 29. antiapoptotic genes (BCL2, BCL2L1) [21-24]. Pharmaceutical crops 2: 28-54. Several products were found to contain only curcumin or curcuminoids, while the other active ingredients and marker compounds of C. longa were lacking. Chemical Composition of Turmeric Oil (Curcuma longa L. cv. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 47(2):59-67. As a result, curcumin (1) is able to induce apoptosis and has antiangio-genic activity [25, 26]. Curcuma longa (turmeric) is commonly used as spice and also used to treat fever, cough and febrile convulsions in Nigeria. A significant variation in the chemical composition of turmeric finished products, especially in the ones containing turmeric extracts, was found. 4 years ago. The physical and chemical composition of turmeric showed technological interest, with standards consistent with those reported in the literature. (2011). 6, … The Midilli model was the one that best fit the drying kinetics of turmeric. Get access to over 12 million other articles! Chemical constituents of various tissues of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) have been extensively investigated.